In Module 2, you submitted three annotated citations for the project. Review the feedback on these citations and find three new citations. With these six citations, you will be able to complete the project rough draft in Module 5.
TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Deliverable #2: Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography
Arizona college- Falls Church, Virginia
HCR 240- Human Pathophysiology
DR. CARLOS NARANJO
July 10, 2022
TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Diabetes mellitus Type 2 is a condition that affects the way the body process blood sugar (Glucose) or an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as energy. The etiology of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is caused by progressive loss of beta-cell secretion commonly due to cellular insulin resistance. The reason I like to study Type 2 diabetes mellitus is because 90% of Americans have the condition which is commonly caused by obesity, and it is one of the most leading causes of other disorders. Fat cells are particularly resistant to insulin, the greater the adiposity of an individual, the higher the insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also part of disorders termed metabolic syndrome. A person with metabolic syndrome has signs and symptoms of hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinism, centered or “apple-shaped” obesity, glucose intolerance, and a predisposition to type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Annotation Citation One
Staff, M. C. (2021, January 20). Type 2 diabetes. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved July 10, 2022, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351199
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed using the glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates the average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. The results are interpreted as follows: Below 5.7% is normal, 5.7% to 6.4% is diagnosed as prediabetes, 6.5% or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes. Random blood sugar tests are expressed in milligrams of sugar per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles of sugar per liter (mmol/L) of blood. Fast blood test is a blood sample test that is taken after an overnight fast. Oral glucose tolerance test is the test that is less commonly used than the others, except during pregnancy. The source is reliable and valid because the information is gathered from a clinic organization that know more about the condition.
Annotation Citation Two
Center of Disease control, and prevention. (2021, December 21). Prediabetes – your chance to prevent type 2 diabetes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved July 10, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/prediabetes.html
Prevention of having type 2 diabetes is by losing a small amount of weight if obese and getting regular physical activity can lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. A small amount of weight loss means around 5% to 7% of body weight, just 10 to 14 pounds for 200-pound person. Regular physical activity means getting at least 150 minutes a week of brisk walking or similar activity. A lifestyle change program offered through the CDC-led National Diabetes prevention program that help to make changes and make it consistent. Through the program, you can lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by as much as 58% (71% if older than 60). I would choose the source because it is center of disease control and prevention which will help me gather more information and knowledge for this condition. It will support me by giving accurate number on the condition.
Annotation Citation Three
Web, M. D. (2022). Type 2 diabetes: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. WebMD. Retrieved July 10, 2022, from https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-2-diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus complications are damage to the heart and blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, nerves, skin, pregnancy, sleep, hearing, brain, depression and eating disorder. The risk factors of type 2 diabetes include age, family, ethnicity. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome is an acute complication. Macrovascular diseases are more prominent in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes nephropathy and diabetes retinopathy are chronic symptoms of type 2 diabetes. I would chose the source because it is a government website and the information given on the conditions are authentic.
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